Nanocomposites of polymer and inorganic nanoparticles for optical and magnetic applications

Nano Reviews & Experiments

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Title Nanocomposites of polymer and inorganic nanoparticles for optical and magnetic applications
Creator Li, Shanghua; Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Lin, Meng Meng
Toprak, Mohammet S.
Kim, Do Kyung
Muhammed, Mamoun
Subject nano-filler, nano-inclusion, hybrid, effective additive, surface modification, superparamagnetism, UV absorption, in-situ polymerization, dichroism
Description This article provides an up-to-date review on nanocomposites composed of inorganic nanoparticles and the polymer matrix for optical and magnetic applications. Optical or magnetic characteristics can change upon the decrease of particle sizes to very small dimensions, which are, in general, of major interest in the area of nanocomposite materials. The use of inorganic nanoparticles into the polymer matrix can provide high-performance novel materials that find applications in many industrial fields. With this respect, frequently considered features are optical properties such as light absorption (UV and color), and the extent of light scattering or, in the case of metal particles, photoluminescence, dichroism, and so on, and magnetic properties such as superparamagnetism, electromagnetic wave absorption, and electromagnetic interference shielding. A general introduction, definition, and historical development of polymer-inorganic nanocomposites as well as a comprehensive review of synthetic techniques for polymer-inorganic nanocomposites will be given. Future possibilities for the development of nanocomposites for optical and magnetic applications are also introduced. It is expected that the use of new functional inorganic nano-fillers will lead to new polymer-inorganic nanocomposites with unique combinations of material properties. By careful selection of synthetic techniques and understanding/exploiting the unique physics of the polymeric nanocomposites in such materials, novel functional polymer-inorganic nanocomposites can be designed and fabricated for new interesting applications such as optoelectronic and magneto-optic applications. Keywords: nano-filler; nano-inclusion; hybrid; effective additive; surface modification; superparamagnetism; UV absorption; in-situ polymerization; dichroism (Published: 2 August 2010) Citation: Nano Reviews 2010, 1: 5214 - DOI: 10.3402/nano.v1i0.5214
Publisher Co-Action Publishing
Contributor Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Division of Functional Materials (FNM)
Date 2010-08-02
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Source Nano Reviews & Experiments; Vol 1 (2010) incl Supplements
Language eng

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