Almería’s fruit and vegetable competitive advantage and the growth of GDP per capita

Small Business International Review

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Title Almería’s fruit and vegetable competitive advantage and the growth of GDP per capita
La ventaja competitiva de la horticultura almeriense y el crecimiento del PIB per cápita
 
Creator Gil Salmerón, Antonio Miguel
 
Subject innovation
horticulture
competitive advantage
social welfare
greenhouse
I31
O47
Q16
Q17
innovación
horticultura
ventaja competitiva
bienestar social
invernadero
I31
O47
Q16
Q17
 
Description Almeria's horticulture has experienced extensive growth that is sustained by the main macroeconomic variables: an acceleration of the agricultural income, broadly-speaking, a positive commercial balance throughout the first quindenium of the century and a GDP that on the whole represents the 16.69% of that accounted by all the province, without taking the agricultural auxiliary industry into account. This trend leads to an asymmetric process of deagrarianization which registers the whole of the Spanish economy and acts as a source of competitive plus point in comparative terms with the development of the social welfare of its territory. A linear regression analysis crosses two variables to assess the degree of coincidence that exists between the growth registered by Almeria's horticulture industry and the quality of life of its citizens. On the one hand, the productivity of the sector is used (average in tonnes of production per hectare) whilst, on the other hand, per capita GDP -because economic growth theories go against GDP as an indicator of social welfare. There is evidence that GDP per capita follows a parallel or symmetrical pattern to the citizens' perception of happiness. It has been categorically confirmed that the horticulture industry of Almería intervenes as a competitive advantage through its productivity, as it stands above all as a long-term determinant of the standard of living of any territory
La horticultura almeriense ha experimentado un importante crecimiento que viene sustentado por las principales variables macroeconómicas: una aceleración de la renta agraria, un saldo comercial positivo durante todo el primer quindenio del siglo y un PIB que llega a representar el 16,69% del contabilizado por toda la provincia, excluida la industria auxiliar agraria. Este comportamiento sigue un proceso asimétrico a la desagrarización que registra el conjunto de la economía española y actúa como fuente de ventaja competitiva en términos comparativos con el desarrollo del bienestar social de su territorio. Un análisis de regresión lineal cruza dos variables para valorar el grado de causalidad existente entre el crecimiento que registra la horticultura de Almería y la calidad de vida de sus ciudadanos. Por un lado, se utiliza la productividad del sector (media en toneladas de producción por hectárea) y, por otro, el PIB per cápita –pese a que las teorías de crecimiento económico rechazan el PIB como indicador de bienestar social, existe evidencia de que el PIB per cápita sigue un comportamiento paralelo o simétrico a la percepción de felicidad de los ciudadanos–. Se confirma con un alto grado de relación que la horticultura de Almería interviene como ventaja competitiva por medio de la productividad, entendida como determinante a largo plazo del nivel de vida de un territorio
 
Publisher Spanish Accounting and Business Administration Association (AECA) and Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT)
 
Date 2020-07-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Artículos revisados por pares
 
Format application/pdf
text/xml
 
Identifier https://sbir.upct.es/index.php/sbir/article/view/265
10.26784/sbir.v4i2.265
 
Source Small Business International Review; Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): July - December 2020; 18-29
Small Business International Review; Vol. 4 Núm. 2 (2020): Julio - Diciembre 2020; 18-29
2531-0046
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sbir.upct.es/index.php/sbir/article/view/265/127
https://sbir.upct.es/index.php/sbir/article/view/265/121
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Miguel Gil Salmerón
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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