Persepsi dan Sikap Orang Tua tentang Pemberian Imunisasi Anak

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia

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Title Persepsi dan Sikap Orang Tua tentang Pemberian Imunisasi Anak
Persepsi dan Sikap Orang Tua tentang Pemberian Imunisasi Anak
 
Creator Frastika, Imelda
Rahayu, Sinta Nirwana Dwi
Agustin, Titusa
Kartika, Lia
 
Description  Abstract
Introduction: Advances in biotechnology was giving benefits in the development of immunization-based substances. Immunization helps to reduce children morbidity. Children who missed basic immunization will have a high risk of experiencing serious illness. Preliminary data shows that 12 out of 30 parents are worried and doubtful about immunization and that optimal immunization coverage is not achieved.
Objective: To find out the description of the perceptions and attitudes of parents and child immunization.
Method: This research uses a quantitative descriptive method. Sampling technique using incidental sampling technique, amounting to 200 people. The standard instrument used to measure perception comes from Hemadiyan's (2017) questionnaire and attitude questionnaire from Yuliana (2010). The data analysis technique used is univariate analysis.
Results: Most respondents had a good perception of immunization as many as 107 parents (53.5%), the majority of respondents had a good attitude towards giving immunizations, 113 people (56.5%), and full immunization of children as many as 156 respondents (78%).
Conclusion: Nurses in hospital setting need to provide comprehensive education for parents about the benefits of providing child immunization. Nursing students together with paediatric nursing lecture can also produce immunization education materials in the form of audio visuals distributed to the community. This effort is expected to increase the coverage of basic immunization in Indonesia. Future studies can examine the relationship between parental perceptions and attitudes in
 
immunization.    
Abstrak
Pendahuluan: Kemajuan bioteknologi bermanfaat dalam pengembangan zat dasar imunisasi. Imunisasi membantu menurunkan tingkat kesakitan anak. Anak yang melewatkan imunisasi dasar memiliki risiko tinggi mengalami penyakit serius. Data awal menunjukkan 12 dari 30 orang tua kuatir dan ragu terhadap imunisasi serta tidak tercapainya cakupan imunisasi yang optimal.
Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui gambaran persepsi dan sikap orang tua serta pemberian imunisasi anak.
Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik sampling insidental yang berjumlah 200 orang. Instrumen baku yang digunakan untuk mengukur persepsi berasal dari kuesioner milik Hemadiyan (2017) dan kuesioner sikap dari Yuliana (2010). Teknis analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat.
Hasil: Sebagian besar responden memiliki persepsi baik terhadap pemberian imunisasi sebanyak 107 orang tua (53,5%), sebagian besar responden memiliki sikap baik terhadap pemberian imunisasi yaitu 113 orang (56,5%), dan pemberian imunisasi lengkap anak sebanyak 156 responden (78%).
Kesimpulan: Perawat di tatanan klinik tetap perlu memberikan edukasi yang komprehensif untuk orang tua tentang manfaat pemberian imunisasi anak, Mahasiswa keperawatan bersama dengan staf pendidik keperawatan anak dapat juga membuat materi edukasi Imunisasi dalam bentuk audio visual yang disebar ke masyarakat luas. Upaya ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan cakupan pemberian imunisasi dasar di Indonesia. Penelitian se
lanjutnya dapat meneliti hubungan antara persepsi dan sikap orangtua dalam pemberian imunisasi.
 
Publisher STIKIM Press
 
Date 2020-06-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.stikim.ac.id/index.php/jiiki/article/view/493
10.33221/jiiki.v10i02.493
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia; Vol 10 No 02 (2020): Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia Edisi Juni 2020; 24-30
2354-8177
2252-4096
10.33221/jiiki.v10i02
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.stikim.ac.id/index.php/jiiki/article/view/493/398
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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