Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis antibodies in cows of low-tropic dairy herds in Colombia

Revista MVZ Córdoba

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Title Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis antibodies in cows of low-tropic dairy herds in Colombia
Detección de anticuerpos anti-Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis en bovinos de hatos lecheros de trópico bajo en Colombia
 
Creator Correa-Valencia, Nathalia María del Pilar
Arango-Lezcano, Ferney
Fernández-Silva, Jorge Arturo
 
Description Objective. To report the frequency of seropositivity against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and to explore the factors associated with the positive outcome, both at herd and animal level. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 204 dairy cows, result of the crossing of different breeds, from five low-tropic dairy herds, located in three municipalities of the Provinces of Sucre and Córdoba (Colombia) in 2018. The animals were randomly selected, and blood samples were collected from each one. A commercial ELISA kit was used to analyze the sera, and the association between these variables and the result to ELISA (p<0.05) was explored. Results. The 17.2% (35/204; 95% CI: 12.0-22.3%) of the cows were positive for MAP by the ELISA test, and the five herds had seropositive animals. The herd-level variable presence of other ruminants in co-grazing with cattle in the last 2 years and the animal-level variables age and parity were associated with the positive ELISA results. Conclusions. The present study found that 17.2% of the cows and 100% of the herds were MAP positive by the ELISA test. Additionally, associated variables were identified that may be of interest to both producers and veterinarians and guide their approach to disease management.
Objetivo. Reportar la frecuencia de la seropositividad a Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) y explorar los factores asociados al resultado positivo, tanto a nivel de hato como de animal. Materiales y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal en 204 vacas lecheras resultado del cruce de diferentes razas, en cinco hatos de zonas de trópico bajo ubicadas en tres municipios de los departamentos de Sucre y Córdoba (Colombia) en 2018. Los animales fueron seleccionados aleatoriamente y se colectaron muestras de sangre de cada uno. Se utilizó un kit comercial de ELISA para analizar los sueros y se exploró la asociación entre dichas variables y el resultado a ELISA (p<0.05). Resultados. El 17.2% (35/204; IC 95%: 12.0-22.3%) de las vacas resultaron positivas a MAP mediante la prueba de ELISA, y los cinco hatos tuvieron animales seropositivos. La variable a nivel de hato presencia de otros rumiantes en copastoreo con el ganado bovino en los últimos 2 años y las variables a nivel de animal edad y paridad se encontraron asociados con los resultados positivos de ELISA. Conclusiones. En el presente estudio se encontró que el 17.2% de las vacas y el 100% de los hatos fueron positivos a MAP mediante la prueba de ELISA. Adicionalmente se identificaron variables asociadas que pueden ser de interés tanto para los productores como para los veterinarios y orientar su enfoque para el manejo de la enfermedad.
 
Publisher Universidad de Córdoba
 
Date 2020-05-05
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Identifier https://revistamvz.unicordoba.edu.co/article/view/e1782
10.21897/rmvz.1782
 
Source Journal MVZ Cordoba; Journal MVZ Córdoba Volume 25(2) May August 2020; e1782
Revista MVZ Córdoba; Revista MVZ Córdoba Volumen 25(2) Mayo-Agosto 2020; e1782
1909-0544
10.21897/rmvz.v25.n2.2020
 
Language en
 
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