Tuberculous pericarditis in adolescents: A case series

Paediatrica Indonesiana

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Field Value
 
Title Tuberculous pericarditis in adolescents: A case series
 
Creator Paramitha, Winda
Murni, Indah Kartika
Arguni, Eggi
Setyowireni, Dwikisworo
 
Description Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major causes of childhood mortality, especially in endemic areas. In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated 550,000 new cases and 80,000 deaths due to TB among children. Around 70-80% of the cases were pulmonary TB, while the rest were extra-pulmonary TB.1
Tuberculous pericarditis accounts for only 8% of all TB cases, however, tuberculosis is the main cause of pericarditis in high-TB-burden countries, including Indonesia.2 The mortality rate reached 17-40% and is affected by treatment adequacy.3 Without adequate therapy, the mean life expectancy is 3.7 months, with only 20% surviving to the sixth month.4 A 2004 study reported that successful treatment of TB in children depends on several factors, such as treatment compliance, timing and accuracy of diagnosis, concurrent human immunodeficency virus (HIV) infection and its clinical stage of disease, malnutrition, and drug resistance.5 Adolescents and young adults are at the highest risks of having TB.6 We report here on three cases of tuberculous pericarditis in adolescents and their outcomes following pericardiocentesis and medication.
 
Publisher Indonesian Pediatric Society
 
Date 2020-02-25
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2139
 
Source Paediatrica Indonesiana; Vol 60 No 2 (2020): March 2020; 111-6
2338-476X
0030-9311
10.14238/pi60.2.2020
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2139/2003
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Winda Paramitha, Indah Kartika Murni, Eggi Arguni, Dwikisworo Setyowireni
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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