Efektivitas Strategi Pembelajaran Klinik Metode SNAPPS (Summarize, Narrow, Analyze, Proba, Plan) Terhadap Penalaran Klinis Pada Mahasiswa Praktek Klinik : Systematic Review

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia

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Title Efektivitas Strategi Pembelajaran Klinik Metode SNAPPS (Summarize, Narrow, Analyze, Proba, Plan) Terhadap Penalaran Klinis Pada Mahasiswa Praktek Klinik : Systematic Review
 
Creator Tuasikal, Hani
Mukaromah, Raihany Sholihatul
 
Description Clinical reasoning (clinical reasoning) is a special skill that must be possessed by a health worker, one of whom is a nurse (Noorman, 2005). This skill is one example of critical thinking skills. The clinical learning strategy that can be used is the SNAPPS method. The purpose of this systematic review is to find out the clinical learning strategy of the SNAPPS method for clinical reasoning in clinical practice students. Articles searched through Ebsco, Sciencedirect, PubMed and Google search are performed using advanced search with the keywords SNAPPS, clinical Reasioning and student clinical practice. The study inclusion criterion was limited search of 2005-2015 which can be accessed fulltext in pdf format with RCT and Quasi Experiment designs conducted on clinical practice students. The intervention in the form of SNAPPS method with the comparison of usual and customary methods with outcomes measures the ability of clinical reasoning in clinical practice students. Exclusion criteria include only abstracts and no English. The appropriate article is then analyzed using the critical appraisal tool that is appropriate for the results of the RCT and QE research to assess the quality of the study. Data extracted from articles and then grouped to be discussed and concluded. The results of 3 articles obtained 2 RCT (Randomized Control Trials) and 1 Quasi Experiment article. The results of the discussion showed that the SNAPPS method is more effective than the usual and customary group methods in improving clinical reasoning abilities for students who practice clinics. The author recommends to the education party to be able to implement the clinical learning method of the SNAAPS method and it is recommended to further researchers to conduct further research so that it can enrich the evidence scientifically.
 
Pendahuluan: Penalaran klinis (clinical reasoning) merupakan suatu keterampilan khusus yang harus dimiliki oleh seorang tenaga kesehatan salah satunya adalah perawat. Adapun strategi pembelajaran klinis yang dapat digunakan adalah metode SNAPPS. Tujuan: Tujuan dari sistematik review ini adalah untuk mengetahui strategi pembelajaran klinik metode SNAPPS terhadap penalaran klinis pada  mahasiswa praktek klinik. Metode: Artikel dicari melalui Ebsco, Sciencedirect, PubMed dan Google search dilakukan menggunakan advanced search dengan kata kunciSNAPPS, clinical Reasioning and student clinical practice. Kriteria inklusi studi yaitu penelusuran dibatasi terbitan 2005-2015 yang dapat diakses fulltext dalam format pdf dengan desain RCT dan Quasi Experimentyang dilakukan pada mahasiswa praktek klinik. Intervensi berupa metode SNAPPS dengan pembanding metode usual and customary dengan outcome mengukur kemampuan penalaran klinis pada mahasiswa praktek klinik Hasil: Hasil pembahasan menunjukkan bahwa metode SNAPPS lebih efektif daripada metode usualan dcustomary group dalam meningkatkan kemampuan penalaran klinis pada mahasiswa yang melakukan praktek klinik. Kesimpulan: SNAPPS terbukti efektif dalam meningkatkan kemampuan mahasiswa untuk mengintegrasikan teori dan praktek dalam praktek klinis untuk memecahkan masalah.
 
Publisher STIKIM Press
 
Date 2019-09-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.stikim.ac.id/index.php/jiiki/article/view/345
10.33221/jiiki.v9i03.345
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia; Vol 9 No 03 (2019): Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia Edisi September 2019; 628-634
2354-8177
2252-4096
10.33221/jiiki.v9i03
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.stikim.ac.id/index.php/jiiki/article/view/345/292
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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