Preparation of a Composite Material from Palm Oil Fiber and an Ecological Emulsion of Expanded Polystyrene Post-Consumption

Revista Facultad de Ingeniería

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Title Preparation of a Composite Material from Palm Oil Fiber and an Ecological Emulsion of Expanded Polystyrene Post-Consumption
Elaboración de un material compuesto a partir de fibras de palma de aceite y una emulsión ecológica de poliestireno expandido post-consumo
 
Creator Gutiérrez-Estupiñán, Cindy
Gutiérrez-Gallego, José
Sánchez-Soledad, Melba
 
Subject chemical recycling
citrus sinensis
fiber reinforced plastics
OPEFB
recycled EPS
recycled EPS
EPS reciclado
OPEFB
plásticos reforzados con fibra
reciclaje químico
 
Description The overproduction of plastics and the wide availability of natural fibers that become a source of contamination before ending their useful life, in a context of environmental crisis, has led researchers to study how to integrate them into the production of biocomposites. For this project, the development of a composite material that integrated expanded post-consumer polystyrene (EPS) and palm fiber (OPEFB) was proposed. OPEFB fibers were obtained from palm growers in the region, being processed by drying, grinding and sieving with a particle size (Mesh of 30,40, 50, 60 and 70). To obtain the solvent of the EPS, a volume of orange essential oil (Citrus sinensis) was distilled off by steam and the amount of d-limonene present was quantified using the gas chromatography technique coupled to mass spectrometry. Subsequently, the EPS was dissolved and a solubility of 0.5 g / mL was reached and with this volume a 1: 2 water / EPS-Citrus Sinensis emulsion was formulated which was characterized using the optical microscopy technique and two dyes of different polarity to observe its affinity with both phases, allowing it to be classified as a W/O type macroemulsion. The agglomerates were made by a process of molding, pressing and heating for baking. All the above parameters were kept constant and only the fiber size varied. The tests of resistance to compression and hardness showed that, to a smaller fiber size, less hardness, resistance to compression and stiffness, so the specimens made with mesh fibers (Mesh) No. 40 showed better performance in mechanical tests.
La sobreproducción de plásticos y la amplia disponibilidad de fibras naturales que se convierten en un foco de contaminación antes de terminar su vida útil, en un contexto de crisis ambiental, ha hecho que los investigadores estudien la manera de integrarlos en la producción de biocompuestos. Para este proyecto se planteó la elaboración de un material compósito que integrara poliestireno expandido post-consumo (EPS) y raquis de palma (OPEFB). Las fibras OPEFB se consiguieron a partir de palmicultoras de la región, procesándose mediante secado, molienda y tamizado con una granulometría (Mesh de 30,40, 50, 60 y 70). Para obtener el solvente del EPS se destiló por arrastre de vapor un volumen de aceite esencial de naranja (Citrus sinensis) y se cuantificó la cantidad de d-limoneno presente usando la técnica de cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas. Posteriormente, se disolvió el EPS y se alcanzó una solubilidad de 0,5 g/mL y con un volumen de 1 L se formuló una emulsión 1:2 agua/EPS-Citrus Sinensis que fue caracterizada usando la técnica de microscopía óptica y dos colorantes de distinta polaridad para observar su afinidad con ambas fases, permitiendo clasificarla como una macroemulsión de tipo W/O. Los aglomerados se elaboraron mediante un proceso de moldeo, prensado y calentamiento. Se mantuvieron constantes todos los parámetros anteriores y sólo varió el tamaño de la fibra. Los ensayos de resistencia a la compresión y dureza mostraron que, a menor tamaño de fibra, menor dureza, resistencia a compresión y rigidez, por lo que las probetas elaboradas con fibras de malla (Mesh) No. 40 mostraron mejor desempeño en los ensayos mecánicos.
 
Publisher Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
 
Date 2020-01-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/pdf
application/xml
 
Identifier https://revistas.uptc.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/article/view/10489
10.19053/01211129.v29.n54.2020.10489
 
Source Revista Facultad de Ingeniería; Vol 29 No 54 (2020): Continuos Publication; e10489
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería; Vol. 29 Núm. 54 (2020): Publicación Continua; e10489
2357-5328
0121-1129
 
Language eng
spa
 
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https://revistas.uptc.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/article/view/10489/8661
https://revistas.uptc.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/article/view/10489/8664
https://revistas.uptc.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/article/view/10489/9172
 
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Rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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