Prevalence of Bacterial Lower Respiratory Tract Infections at a Tertiary Hospital in Jordan

The International Arabic Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

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Title Prevalence of Bacterial Lower Respiratory Tract Infections at a Tertiary Hospital in Jordan
Creator Obeidat, Nathir
Bsisu, Isam
Parvez, Faruque
Islam, Zafrin
Obeidat, Zaina
Altous, Mai
Obeidat, Mohammed N.
Ababneh, Nidaa
Wahbeh, Ayman
Farah, Randa
Description Background: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that LRTI are the most common global cause of death from infectious diseases.  However, the specific etiologic agent associated with LRTI is often unknown.
Aims: We determined the bacterial infections and seasonal patterns associated with LRTI among hospitalized cases at Jordan University Hospital (JUH) for a period of five years.
Methods: We conducted a multi-year study among hospitalized patients in Jordan on LRTI-associated bacterial etiology.
Results: We found bacterial infections among 105 (21.1%) out of 495 LRTI patients. The most frequently identified bacteria in the LRTI patients were Staphylococcus aureus (7.7%) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5.1%). Most of the LRTI patients (95.2%) had at least one chronic disease and many were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (16.8%). Of the 18 (3.64%) patients with LRTI who died at the hospital, 2 had a bacterial infection. We noticed a seasonal pattern of bacterial infections, with the highest prevalence during the winter months.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that early identification of bacterial agents and control of chronic disease may improve clinical management and reduce morbidity and mortality from LRTI.
Publisher International Medical Publisher
Date 2019-12-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Source The International Arabic Journal of Antimicrobial Agents; Vol 9 No 3 (2019)
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Nathir Obeidat, Isam Bsisu, Faruque Parvez, Zafrin Islam, Zaina Obeidat, Mai Altous, Mohammed N. Obeidat, Nidaa Ababneh, Ayman Wahbeh, Randa Farah

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