Skill mismatch in the Costa Rican labor market

Revista de Ciencias Económicas

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Title Skill mismatch in the Costa Rican labor market
Emparejamiento entre competencias y empleo en el mercado laboral costarricense
Creator Blanco, Laura Cristina
Description Skill mismatches are estimated using the National Household Survey 2011-2017, as defined by Chevalier (2003).  A logit multinomial analysis is used to study the covariates of skill mismatches and wage equations are analyzed as a function of the workers’ skill mismatches and competence levels.  The working adult population is found to have an underqualification level of 28.9%, while apparent and genuine overqualification levels are 13.3% and 0.8%, respectively.  Results show that underqualification is associated to a wage premium of about 30%, while apparent and genuine overqualification have a 35% and 47.5% wage penalty, respectively.  Graduates from tertiary institutions with an apparent overqualification level report a wage penalty of 38.9%, and it increases to 49.3% for those with a genuine overqualification level.
Se utilizó la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 2011-2017 para estimar los tipos de emparejamiento laborales a partir de la definición de Chevalier (2003).  Se estudian los covariantes al tipo de emparejamiento utilizando un análisis logit multinomial y se analizan las ecuaciones salariales en función del tipo de emparejamiento y el nivel de competencias. Para la población ocupada mayor de edad se encuentra una tasa de subcalificación de 28.9%, mientras que las tasas de aparente y genuina sobrecalificación son de 13.3% y 0.8%, respectivamente.  Los resultados muestran que la subcalificación se encuentra asociada a un premio salarial de aproximadamente 30%, mientras que la aparente sobrecalificación y la sobrecalificación real presentan un castigo promedio equivalente al 35% y 47.5% del salario, respectivamente.  Para la población con estudios superiores, el castigo a la aparente y genuina sobrecalificación se estiman en 38.9% y 49.3%, respectivamente.
Publisher Universidad de Costa Rica
Date 2019-12-17
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Revista de Ciencias Económicas; Vol 37 No 2 (2019): Revista de Ciencias Económicas: (July - December); 7-41
Revista de Ciencias Económicas; Vol. 37 Núm. 2 (2019): Revista de Ciencias Económicas: (julio - diciembre); 7-41
Language spa
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Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Laura Cristina Blanco

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