Do alcohol pricing and availability policies have differential effects on sub-populations? A commentary

The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research

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Field Value
 
Title Do alcohol pricing and availability policies have differential effects on sub-populations? A commentary
 
Creator Giesbrecht, Norman; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Wettlaufer, Ashley; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Cukier, Samantha; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Geddie, Gillian; Royal Holloway University of London
Gonçalves, André-Henrique; Federal University of Bahia
Reisdorfer, Emilene; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
 
Subject sociology
alcohol pricing; alcohol availability; differential effects; gender; age; drinking patterns; alcohol-related harm
 
Description Giesbrecht, N., Wettlaufer, A., Cukier, S., Geddie, G., Gonçalves, A., & Reisdorfer, E. (2016). Do alcohol pricing and availability policies have differential effects on sub-populations? A commentary. The International Journal Of Alcohol And Drug Research, 5(3), 89-99. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v5i3.227Aims: Numerous policies have been shown to reduce the harm from alcohol; however, not all sub-populations respond similarly to policy interventions. This paper explores the specific effects of alcohol pricing policies and controls regarding physical availability on different types of harms from alcohol as well as on different sectors of the population, including impacts by gender, age, and drinking patterns.Design, Setting, Participants, and Measures: We focus on two dimensions. The first is alcohol pricing and taxation; the second is alcohol availability, comprising type of alcohol control system, outlet density, and hours/days of sale. We focused on peer-reviewed research and reviews published from 2005–2015, using several databases: PsycINFO, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Cochrane.Findings: Precautionary alcohol prices have substantial harm reduction potential, particularly among youth and high-risk drinkers. Restrictions on outlet densities and hours/days of sale impact the drinking patterns of underage youth, reduce high-risk drinking, and reduce alcohol-related harm. A reduction in prices or an increase in alcohol availability are associated with increase in high-risk drinking or alcohol-related harm.Conclusions: Future work should examine these policy measures in light of socioeconomic status and cultural factors, as well as impacts of policy interventions on evidence of harm to others from alcohol.
 
Publisher Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol (KBS)
 
Contributor
 
Date 2016-07-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

narrative review
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.ijadr.org/index.php/ijadr/article/view/227
10.7895/ijadr.v5i3.227
 
Source The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research; Vol 5, No 3 (2016); 89-99
1925-7066
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.ijadr.org/index.php/ijadr/article/view/227/400
 
Coverage global
2005–2015
reviews, meta-analyses, exemplary studies
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2016 The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research

 

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