THE PREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS IN CATTLE AND THEIR HANDLERS IN NORTH TONGU DISTRICT OF VOLTA REGION, GHANA

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

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Title THE PREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS IN CATTLE AND THEIR HANDLERS IN NORTH TONGU DISTRICT OF VOLTA REGION, GHANA
 
Creator Tasiame, W.
Emikpe, B. O.
Folitse, R. D.
Fofie, C.O.
Burimuah, V.
Johnson, S.
Awuni, J.A.
Afari, E.
Yebuah, N.
Wurapa, F.
 
Subject public health
Brucellosis, human, cattle, North Tongu, Ghana
 
Description Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic pathogen responsible for great economic losses in most sub-Saharan nations. Although
Ghana has successfully implemented the “One Health” initiative for the control of some emerging infectious zoonotic diseases with
pandemic potential like Avian Influenza, there is very limited data available on brucellosis especially human brucellosis prevalence.
He objective of his study is to determine the seroprevalence of human and bovine brucellosis as well as the predisposing factors at
the community level in the North Tongu District of Ghana.
Materials and Methods: Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT) was used to analyze blood samples from 178 cattle farmers, and 315 cattle.
The positive samples were further confirmed with cELISA. Predisposing factors were determined by questionnaires administered to
cattle farmers. All sample sites were geo-referenced.
Results: Human and bovine brucellosis seroprevalence using RBPT were 10.1% and 22.9% respectively. Eighty six percent (62/72)
of bovine cases were confirmed with ELISA. Delivery assistants were more likely to be infected (p=0.043) with odds ratio of 2.7.
Out of the human cases (18), males constituted 88.9%. Ages 11-20 years recorded 77.7% seropositivity whilst cattle drovers
represented 44.5% (8/18) of positives. Significant risk factors in cattle were herd size (p=0.037), history of retained placenta (0.000)
and abortion (0.005).
Conclusion: Bovine and human brucellosis is prevalent in North Tongu district, Ghana. Close contact with parturient cows was a
major predisposing factor for human infection. Early referral of positive persons to the Hospital for confirmation and treatment is
required to comply with the “One Health” initiative on brucellosis and other zoonoses.
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Contributor
 
Date 2016-05-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/3651
10.21010/ajid.v10i2.6
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 10, No 2 (2016); 111-117
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/3651/2420
 
Coverage Africa, Ghana


 
Rights Copyright (c) 2016 African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)
 

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