Functional Independence in the recovery of patients with cardiac surgery.

Revista Ciencia y Cuidado

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Title Functional Independence in the recovery of patients with cardiac surgery.
Independencia funcional en la recuperación de pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardiaca.
 
Creator Osorio Castaño, Jhon Henry
García Carvajal, Juan Pablo
Gutierrez Londoño, Marcela
 
Subject Daily activities
Cardiothoracic surgery
Evaluation of disability
Actividades Cotidianas
Cirugía Torácica
Evaluación de la Discapacidad
 
Description Objective: Evaluate the level of functional independence in patients during their recovery from cardiac surgery. Materials and Method: Quantitative focus research and analytical longitudinal prospective study type. The population of study consisted of people older than 18, subjected to scheduled cardiac surgery, in a health institution in the city of Medellin, Colombia. A questionnaire was applied for the sociodemographicvariables and the surgical procedure, the Granger and Hamilton instrument of functional independence was also used (translated to Spanish by Paolinelli). Univariate and bivariate analysis were made, and the median regression was used as non-parametric multivariate proof. Results: The total participants of the study were 33. 50% of them were 64 years old. 66.7% were men. It was found that 57.6% were hypertense and 12.2% had diabetes. 54.5% of the participants were subjected to coronary bypass surgery. A statistically significant difference is evidenced between each of the measures of functional independence (p<0.005), and a direct relationship between age and loss of autonomy (p 0.034). Conclusions: Functional independence is affected through cardiac surgery, but it is recovered with time, and it is somehow related with age.
Key words: Daily activities, Cardiothoracic surgery, Evaluation of disability.
Español: Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de independencia funcional de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardiaca durante su proceso de recuperación. Materiales y Método: Investigación con enfoque cuantitativo y estudio de tipo analítico longitudinal prospectivo. La población de estudio estuvo conformada por personas mayores de 18 años, sometidas a cirugía cardiaca programada, en una institución de salud de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia. Se aplicó un cuestionario para las variables sociodemográficas y el procedimiento quirúrgico, además se utilizó el instrumento de independencia funcional de Granger y Hamilton traducido al español por Paolinelli. Se realizó un análisis univariado, bivariado y se usó la regresión de la mediana como prueba multivariada no paramétrica. Resultados: El total de participantes fue de 33. El 50% tenía 64 años. El 66.7% fueron hombres. Se encontró que el 57.6% eran hipertensos y el 12.1% diabéticos. El 54.5% se sometió a bypass coronario. Se evidencia una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre cada una de las mediciones de la independencia funcional (p<0.05) y una relación directa entre la edad y la disminución de la autonomía (p 0.034). Conclusiones: La independencia funcional se afecta tras la realización de la cirugía cardiaca, pero se recupera con el paso del tiempo y está de alguna manera relacionada con la edad.
Functional Independence in the recovery of patients with cardiac surgery.
Abstract
Objective: Evaluate the level of functional independence in patients during their recovery from cardiac surgery. Materials and Method: Quantitative focus research and analytical longitudinal prospective study type. The population of study consisted of people older than 18, subjected to scheduled cardiac surgery, in a health institution in the city of Medellin, Colombia. A questionnaire was applied for the sociodemographic variables and the surgical procedure, the Granger and Hamilton instrument of functional independence was also used (translated to Spanish by Paolinelli). Univariate and bivariate analysis were made, and the median regression was used as non-parametric multivariate proof. Results: The total participants of the study were 33. 50% of them were 64 years old. 66.7% were men. It was found that 57.6% were hypertense and 12.2% had diabetes. 54.5% of the participants were subjected to coronary bypass surgery. A statistically significant difference is evidenced between each of the measures of functional independence (p<0.005), and a direct relationship between age and loss of autonomy (p 0.034). Conclusions: Functional independence is affected through cardiac surgery, but it is recovered with time, and it is somehow related with age.
 
Publisher Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander
 
Date 2019-05-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1610
10.22463/17949831.1610
 
Source Revista Ciencia y Cuidado; Vol 16 No 2: May - August 2019; 83-94
Revista Ciencia y Cuidado; Vol. 16 Núm. 2: Mayo - Agosto 2019; 83-94
2322-7028
1794-9831
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1610/1505
https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1610/1733
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Revista Ciencia y Cuidado
 

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