Life heartbeat: experiences of patients with cardiovascular disease in an intensive care unit.

Revista Ciencia y Cuidado

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Title Life heartbeat: experiences of patients with cardiovascular disease in an intensive care unit.
Latido de vida: vivencias del paciente con enfermedad cardiovascular en una unidad de cuidado intensivo.
 
Creator Peña Ortiz, Linda Marcela
Hernández Moncada, Yulitza Andrea
Morales Morales, Johan Manuel
Zambrano Plata, Gloria
Sánchez, Claudia
 
Subject Qualitative research
ICU
experiences
nursing, cardiovascular diseases
Investigación cualitativa
UCI
experiencias
enfermería
enfermedades
 
Description Objective: Know the experiences of patients with cardiovascular disease during their stay at the coronary care unit in a fourth level clinic in Norte de Santander (Colombia), in 2017. Materials and Methods: Qualitative study with a phenomenological focus; a depth, direct interview was used for the recollection of data. The studied cases were six patients that presented cardiovascular disease and stayed three or more days at the coronary unit, the patients participated voluntarily and reside in the city of Cucuta. Results: The experiences when suffering from a cardiovascular disease and being hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit were clarified through the central subject: Stay at the ICU as a renewing experience. Six categories emerged: human quality care; uncertainty regarding the disease; reaction towards an unexpected situation; faith in God; family as fundamental pillar; and loss of autonomy, considered a stressing factor. Conclusions: For the patient with cardiovascular disease, hospitalization in an Intensive Care Unit is a stressful and painful experience. Such experience is characterized by fear, anxiety and uncertainty relating to the effects of the disease, the equipment used in the treatment, the therapeutic procedures, and welfare and comfort care. These experiences are nuanced by positive aspects derived from care with human quality from the health personnel and family support, factors that give the patient strength; as well as the faith in God, which gives them transcendence in this life experience.
Objetivo: Conocer las vivencias del paciente con enfermedad cardiovascular durante su estancia en la unidad coronaria de cuidados intensivos, en una clínica de cuarto nivel del Norte de Santander, en el año 2017. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio cualitativo con enfoque fenomenológico; se usó la entrevista directa a profundidad para la recolección de datos. Los casos estudiados fueron seis pacientes que presentaron una enfermedad cardiovascular y que tuvieron una estancia mayor o igual a tres días en la unidad coronaria, quienes participaron de manera voluntaria y con residencia en la ciudad de Cúcuta. Resultados: Las vivencias al sufrir una enfermedad cardiovascular y su hospitalización en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, se dilucidó a través del tema central: Estancia en UCI como experiencia renovadora. Emergieron seis categorías: atención con calidad humana; incertidumbre ante la enfermedad; impacto ante una situación inesperada; Fe en Dios; familia, como pilar fundamental; y pérdida de la autonomía considerada como factor estresante. Conclusiones: Para el paciente con enfermedad cardiovascular, la hospitalización en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos es una vivencia muy estresante y dolorosa. Dicha experiencia se caracteriza por el temor, la ansiedad y la incertidumbre en relación con los efectos de la enfermedad, los equipos utilizados en el tratamiento, los procedimientos terapéuticos y los cuidados de bienestar y confort. Estas vivencias están matizadas por aspectos positivos derivados de la atención con calidad humana del personal de salud y del apoyo familiar, factores que fortalecen al paciente; así como de la fe en Dios que le da trascendencia a esta experiencia de vida.
Life heartbeat: experiences of patients with cardiovascular disease in an intensive care unit.
Abstract
Objective: Know the experiences of patients with cardiovascular disease during their stay at the coronary care unit in a fourth level clinic in Norte de Santander (Colombia), in 2017. Materials and Methods: Qualitative study with a phenomenological focus; a depth, direct interview was used for the recollection of data. The studied cases were six patients that presented cardiovascular disease and stayed three or more days at the coronary unit, the patients participated voluntarily and reside in the city of Cucuta. Results: The experiences when suffering from a cardiovascular disease and being hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit were clarified through the central subject: Stay at the ICU as a renewing experience. Six categories emerged: human quality care; uncertainty regarding the disease; reaction towards an unexpected situation; faith in God; family as fundamental pillar; and loss of autonomy, considered a stressing factor. Conclusions: For the patient with cardiovascular disease, hospitalization in an Intensive Care Unit is a stressful and painful experience. Such experience is characterized by fear, anxiety and uncertainty relating to the effects of the disease, the equipment used in the treatment, the therapeutic procedures, and welfare and comfort care. These experiences are nuanced by positive aspects derived from care with human quality from the health personnel and family support, factors that give the patient strength; as well as the faith in God, which gives them transcendence in this life experience.
 
Publisher Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander
 
Date 2019-05-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1607
10.22463/17949831.1607
 
Source Revista Ciencia y Cuidado; Vol 16 No 2: May - August 2019; 46-58
Revista Ciencia y Cuidado; Vol. 16 Núm. 2: Mayo - Agosto 2019; 46-58
2322-7028
1794-9831
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1607/1502
https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1607/1728
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Revista Ciencia y Cuidado
 

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