Replacing an oriental beech forest with a spruce plantation impacts nutrient concentrations in throughfall, stemflow, and O layer

Forest Systems

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Title Replacing an oriental beech forest with a spruce plantation impacts nutrient concentrations in throughfall, stemflow, and O layer
Creator Attarod, Pedram
Abbasian, Parisa
Grant-Pypker, Thomas
Ahmadi, Mohammad Taghi
Zahedi-Amiri, Ghavamoddin
Soofi-Mariv, Hamid
Bayramzadeh, Vilma
Description Aim of study: To measure the nutrient leaching from canopy and the O layer in a natural oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) forest and a Norway spruce (Picea abies) plantation.Materials and methods: From mid-July to early November, 2013, we measured throughfall (TF) (n=45), stemflow (SF) (n=12) and leaching from the O layer (n = 30) in a 0.5 ha sample plot in the Caspian region, Mazandaran province in northern Iran.Main results: Concentrations of PO43-, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+ and K+ in the throughfall and the O layer in both beech and spruce forests significantly increased relative to gross rainfall. Concentrations of Ca2+ and Na+ in TF and SF were significantly higher in the spruce forest compared with the beech forest. Furthermore, in both forests, cumulative fluxes of all studied elements (with the exception of NH4+ and NO3-) during the study period were statistically different from those of GR (P<0.05).Research highlights: This study demonstrates that changing from a natural beech forest to a spruce plantation significantly alters nutrient fluxes exiting the canopy and the O layer. This information provides essential information on how planting exotic species will affect nutrient cycles in this region.Keywords: Beech forest; Norway spruce plantation; Throughfall; Nutrient leaching; O layer.
Publisher INIA
Contributor Iran National Science Foundation (INSF) (Grant number: 92024036)
Date 2019-09-20
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Forest Systems; Vol 28, No 2 (2019); e010
Forest Systems; Vol 28, No 2 (2019); e010
Language eng
Relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/024036
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Copyright (c) 2019 Forest Systems

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