PESAN GENDER PADA RELIEF-RELIEF CANDI SUKUH: FEMINISME MELALUI PENDEKATAN TUBUH DAN SEKS [GENDER MESSAGES IN THE RELIEFS OF CANDI SUKUH: FEMINISM BY APPROACHES OF BODY AND SEX]

Cendekia : Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat

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Title PESAN GENDER PADA RELIEF-RELIEF CANDI SUKUH: FEMINISME MELALUI PENDEKATAN TUBUH DAN SEKS [GENDER MESSAGES IN THE RELIEFS OF CANDI SUKUH: FEMINISM BY APPROACHES OF BODY AND SEX]
 
Creator Putri Miranti, Karisma
Setiawan, Agus
 
Subject Candi Sukuh
ikonografi
relief
linggā
yoni
pesan gender
 
Description Penelitian ini difokuskan untuk menguraikan pesan-pesan yang terkandung dalam relief-relief Candi Sukuh yang dianggap tabu. Studi ini dilakukan karena Candi Sukuh dapat menjadi bukti bahwa jauh sebelum adanya gerakan feminisme, masyarakat berlatar agama Hindu-Buddha pada masa lampau telah mengakui perbedaan antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Perbedaan tersebut merupakan suatu konstruksi sosial yang dimengerti dalam hubungan kompromi laki-laki dan perempuan. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah deskriptif-interpretatif, dan data dianalisis dengan pendekatan multidesain. Teori Ikonografi digunakan untuk menganalisis pesan dari relief-relief Candi Sukuh, sedangkan teori feminisme diterapkan dengan pendekatan tubuh, seks, dan gender. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pesan feminisme pada relief kidung Sudhāmālā, relief linggā dan yoni, dan relief kālāmĕrgā. Kesimpulannya pesan gender yang disajikan di relief-relief Candi Sukuh berupa penolakan perempuan terhadap pengobjekan tubuhnya oleh laki-laki, yang dianggap memiliki otoritas terhadap tubuh perempuan.
This research is focused to describe the messages contained in the reliefs of Candi Sukuh, which are considered taboo. This study was conducted because Candi Sukuh may well be an evidence that long before the existence of the feminism movement, the Hindu-Buddhist communities in the past have recognized differences between men and women. Such difference is a social construct which was understood in terms of compromising relations between men and women. The method used in this research was descriptive-interpretive, and data were analyzed using a multi-design approach. Theories of iconography were used to analyze messages of the reliefs of Candi Sukuh, whereas the theory of feminism was applied using approaches of body, sex and gender. Research results showed messages of feminism are contained in the Sudhāmālā hymn, reliefs of linggā and yoni, and the kālāmĕrgā relief. Conclusively, gender messages presented by the reliefs of Candi Sukuh informs the rejection of objectification of women’s body by men, who are considered to have authority over women's bodies.
 
Publisher Balai Arkeologi Kalimantan Selatan
 
Date 2020-08-04
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://naditirawidya.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/nw/article/view/409
10.24832/nw.v14i1.409
 
Source Naditira Widya; Vol. 14 No. 1 (2020): NADITIRA WIDYA VOLUME 14 NOMOR 1 APRIL 2020; 19-34
Naditira Widya; Vol 14 No 1 (2020): NADITIRA WIDYA VOLUME 14 NOMOR 1 APRIL 2020; 19-34
2548-4125
1410-0932
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://naditirawidya.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/nw/article/view/409/378
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Naditira Widya
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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