LEAF AND FLOWER EXTRACTS OF Piliostigma malabaricum: PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND ANTIBACTERIAL APPLICATION

Journal of Applied Chemical Science International

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Title LEAF AND FLOWER EXTRACTS OF Piliostigma malabaricum: PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND ANTIBACTERIAL APPLICATION
 
Creator IGWE, O. U.
OKEKE, I. E.
 
Description Piliostigma malabaricum is used in traditional herbal remedies for diseases which informed this research to probe its leaf and flower constituents using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. Twenty-two constituents were observed in each of the leaf and flower extracts. The leaf contained fatty acids (79.32%), hydrocarbons (6.63%), aldehyde (3.78%), amide (2.91%), ester (2.36%), alkaloids (1.72%), phosphate ester (1.27%), cyclic ether (1.04%) and alcohol (0.98%). The flower contained fatty acids (81.54%), ester (5.79%), alkaloids (3.62%), aldehyde (3.01%), hydrocarbons (2.44%), amide (2.17%), ketone (1.28%) and alcohol (0.15%). The extracts inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus and the extent of inhibitions was comparable to that of gentamycin used as a standard antibacterial agent. The flower extract proved to be a more potent antibacterial than the leaf extract. This research provides evidence for P. malabaricum application in traditional herbal practices.
 
Publisher International Knowledge Press
 
Date 2017-11-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JACSI/article/view/3813
 
Source Journal of Applied Chemical Science International; 2017 - Volume 8 [Issue 3]; 89-94
2395-3713
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JACSI/article/view/3813/3586
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Copyright @ International Knowledge Press. All rights reserved
 

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