The cannibalism in the fish larviculture

Revista MVZ Córdoba

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Title The cannibalism in the fish larviculture
El canibalismo en la larvicultura de peces
Creator Atencio-García, Víctor
Zaniboni-Filho, Evoy
Description The cannibal behavior is common in the fish and it is considered one of the main causes of mortality in the larviculture. Cannibalism is defined as special predation that kill a co-specific for consuming wholy or partially. Cannibalism has been classified into seven types, depending on life-history, age difference between cannibal and prey, and whether or not they are related. Cannibalism in the larviculture relates principally to intra and intercohorte sibling cannibalism. Also, we discuss the main endogenous and exogenous causes that stimulate the occurrence of the cannibalism in the nature. Among the endogenous causes they are piscivory, care parental and the size differences. Among the exogenous causes they are food availability and the populational density. This review shows a list of 55 important and potential cultured fish species displaying cannibalism. As the cannibalism it is a behavior adaptative under conditions of food shortage, in the larvicultura their main cause is associated to food availability. At the end of rewie there are recommendations for control of cannibalism under larviculture conditions.
La conducta caníbal es común en los peces y se le considera una de las principales causas de mortalidad en la larvicultura. Esta conducta se define como un tipo especial de predación que consiste en matar a un coespecífico para consumirlo parcial o totalmente. El canibalismo ha sido clasificado en siete tipos dependiendo del estado de desarrollo de la presa, parentesco caníbal-presa y la relación de edad entre caníbal y presa. En la larvicultura el tipo de canibalismo es intracohorte o intercohorte. Además, se discuten las principales causas endógenas y exógenas que estimulan la ocurrencia del canibalismo en la naturaleza. Entre las causas endógenas se resalta la piscivoría, el cuidado parental y las diferencias de tamaño. Entre las causas exógenas se resalta la disponilidad de alimento y la densidad poblacional. Esta revisión presenta un listado de 55 especies de peces con potencialidad e importancia en la piscicultura que registran canibalismo durante la larvicultura. Como el canibalismo es una conducta adaptativa en condiciones de escasez de alimento, en la larvicultura su principal causa está asociada a la disponibilidad del alimento. Al final de la revisión se ofrecen recomendaciones para su control en la larvicultura.
Publisher Universidad de Córdoba
Date 2006-07-06
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Journal MVZ Cordoba; Vol 11 No Supl (2006): Revista MVZ Córdoba Volumen 11(Supl) Julio 2006; 9-19
Revista MVZ Córdoba; Vol. 11 Núm. Supl (2006): Revista MVZ Córdoba Volumen 11(Supl) Julio 2006; 9-19
Language spa
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