Labor impact of Wal-Mart on labor productivity: an analysis by municipality in Mexico

Small Business International Review

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Title Labor impact of Wal-Mart on labor productivity: an analysis by municipality in Mexico
Impacto laboral de Wal-Mart en la productividad laboral. Un análisis por municipio en México
Creator Castillo Girón, Víctor Manuel
Machuca Martínez, Manuel
Ayala Ramirez, Suhey
Subject D21
productivity by worker
productividad por trabajador
Description Although before the 1990s there was already participation of large retail companies in Mexico, the arrival of transnational companies, such as Wal-Mart, generated a reconfiguration in food distribution and, with this, an expectation of the direct impact on some sector variables. Our objective is to establish if Wal-Mart´s presence involves a higher productivity per worker. To achieve this goal, an ordinal logistic probability model was constructed and its results at municipal level show a positive and statistically significant relationship, that is, the probability of finding a higher level of productivity increases with a higher presence of the above company.
Si bien antes de los años 1990 ya había participación de grandes empresas minoristas en México, la llegada de empresas transnacionales, como Wal-Mart, generó una reconfiguración en la distribución de alimentos y, con ello, una expectativa del impacto directo sobre algunas variables del sector. Nuestro objetivo es determinar si la presencia de Wal-Mart implica una mayor productividad por trabajador. Para ello se construyó un modelo de probabilidad logística ordinal cuyos resultados a nivel municipal muestran una relación positiva y estadísticamente significativa, es decir, la probabilidad de encontrar un mayor nivel de productividad aumenta con una mayor presencia de dicha empresa.
Publisher Spanish Accounting and Business Administration Association (AECA) and Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT)
Date 2019-07-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Artículos revisados por pares
Format application/pdf
Source Small Business International Review; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): July - December 2019; 34-48
Small Business International Review; Vol. 3 Núm. 2 (2019): Julio - Diciembre 2018; 34-48
Language spa
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Víctor Manuel Castillo Girón, Manuel Machuca Martínez, Suhey Ayala Ramirez

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