SISTEM PEMERINTAHAN ISLAM MENURUT AL-MAWARDI DAN APLIKASINYA DI INDONESIA

DIKTUM : JURNAL SYARIAH DAN HUKUM

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Field Value
 
Title SISTEM PEMERINTAHAN ISLAM MENURUT AL-MAWARDI DAN APLIKASINYA DI INDONESIA
 
Creator Rahmawati, Rahmawati
 
Subject System of government, social contract, ahl al-hall wal aqd, ahl Imamah
Sistem pemerintahan, kontrak sosial, ahl al-hall wal aqd, ahl Imamah
 
Description This paper examines the system of Islamic government according to al-Mawardi and its application in Indonesia. The first study focused on the early history of government in the history of Islamic politics since the Prophet built the State of Medina until it developed until the Abbasid dynasty. Al-Mawardi, who lived in the Middle Ages when the political situation at that time was very unstable and led to the decline of the Abbasid dynasty, gave birth to a concept of a government system based on the political reality of his day. Imam al-Mawardi's political thinking was then poured in the work of al-Ahkam al-Sulthaniyyah and became a basic concept for the development of political thought and its application in the modern era including in Indonesia. In Indonesia, the application of al-Mawardi's theory of social contracts explains the relationship between ahl al-halli wal aqdi and ahl Imamah. This concept was then embodied and developed in the system of governance in Indonesia into 3 boards, namely: legislative institutions, executive institutions, and judicial institutions.
Tulisan ini mengkaji tentang sistem pemerintahan Islam menurut al-Mawardi dan aplikasinya di Indonesia. Diawali dengan kajian sejarah pemerintahan awal sejarah politik Islam sejak Nabi membangun Negara Madinah hingga mengalami perkembangan sampai pada masa dinasti Abbasiyyah. Al-Mawardi yang hidup pada abad pertengahan dimana situasi politik pada saat itu sangat tidak stabil dan mengarah pada masa kemunduran dinasti Abbasiyyah telah melahirkan sebuah konsep sistem pemerintahan yang didasarkan realitas politik pada zamannya. Pemikiran politik Imam al-Mawardi kemudian dituangkan dalam karya al-Ahkam al-Sulthaniyyah dan menjadi konsep dasar bagi pengembangan pemikiran politik dan penerapannya di era modern termasuk di Indonesia. Penerapannya di Indonesia tampak pada teori al-Mawardi mengenai kontrak sosial yang menjelaskan hubungan antara ahl al-halli wal aqdi dengan ahl Imamah. Konsep ini kemudian diejawantahkan dan dikembangkan dalam sistem pemerintahan di Indonesia menjadi 3 lembaga, yaitu: lembaga legislatif, lembaga eksekutif, dan lembaga yudikatif.
 
Publisher Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum Islam Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Parepare
 
Date 2018-12-05
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejurnal.stainparepare.ac.id/index.php/diktum/article/view/621
10.35905/diktum.v16i2.621
 
Source DIKTUM: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum; Vol 16 No 2 (2018): Diktum: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum; 264-283
2548-8414
1693-1777
10.35905/diktum.v16i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejurnal.stainparepare.ac.id/index.php/diktum/article/view/621/439
 

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