Cotton Plantations in India: The Environmental and Social Challenges


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Field Value
Title Cotton Plantations in India: The Environmental and Social Challenges
Creator Sahay, Arun
Subject Cotton; Fertizilers; Plantation.
Description Cotton, one of the principal cash crops of India, contributes significantly to the country’s economy and foreign exchange earnings. Approximately 60 million people depend on cotton production and related industries for their livelihoods. Although India has the largest cotton plantation area, in terms of yield, it is far behind. Even though cotton occupies only five percent of India’s total cultivable land, approximately 50 percent of pesticides used in India are consumed by the cotton cultivation, causing environmental pollution and health hazard. The use of nitrogen-based fertilizers further increases the problem. Many social issues such as child labor, women labor, extremely small landholdings and unviable livelihoods are associated with cotton plantations. Recently, due to the norms set up by the textile importing countries, these issues have assumed great importance. This article, after giving a brief introduction to the cotton plantation sector in India, will deal with the environmental and social challenges of the cotton plantations.
Publisher Universitas Airlangga
Date 2019-08-23
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Source Yuridika; Vol 34, No 3 (2019): Volume 34 No 3 September 2019; 429-442
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Yuridika

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