Abusive Constitutionalism and Effective Judicial Protection. The Beginning of Institutional Shutdown in Venezuela

Universitas. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas

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Title Abusive Constitutionalism and Effective Judicial Protection. The Beginning of Institutional Shutdown in Venezuela
Constitucionalismo abusivo y tutela judicial efectiva El comienzo del quiebre institucional venezolano
 
Creator Laise, Luciano Damian
Manzo Ugas, Gustavo
 
Subject Constitutional democracy
due process
autocratical regime
Supreme Court of Justice of Venezuela
right to be heard
Democracia constitucional
debido proceso
régimen autocrático
Tribunal Supremo de Justicia de Venezuela
derecho a ser oído
 
Description During the last two decades Venezuela has been subjected to suffering a process of very important political changes. In this period, surged New the Constitution in 1999 and there have been different attempts to reform and amend it. In addition, its text has been interpreted through the different mechanisms of constitutional control that it foresees. In addition to the above, the Venezuelan Supreme Court of Justice has produced at least one hundred sentences in its different Chambers in which the powers of the National Assembly have been directly influenced. This investigation research seeks to determine specifically if the judicial decision 001 of its Electoral Chamber of December 7, 2016 and those related to it constitute a case of the so-called abusive constitutionalism violating the judicial and effective protection of those who were the recipients. This article will argue the former by analyzing: (i) the background of the above-mentioned judicial decision; (ii) The subsequent violation of the following rights: to be heard, due process and effective judicial protection; (iii) If the judicial decision 001 (2016) is the starting point of “abusive constitutionalism” in Venezuela; (iv) The challenges of ‘abusive constitutionalism’ in the enhancement of Venezuelan democracy. Finally, the paper will end with a section of conclusions.
durante las últimas dos décadas Venezuela ha estado sometida a un proceso de cambios políticos muy importantes. En tal lapso se ha aprobado la Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela (1999) y luego han tenido lugar diversos intentos orientados a reformarla y enmendarla. Además, su texto ha sido interpretado mediante los diferentes mecanismos de control constitucional que ella prevé. Sin embargo, el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia venezolano desde el 2015 ha producido, en sus diferentes Salas, al menos cien sentencias en las cuales se ha influido progresivamente sobre las competencias o atribuciones del poder legislativo; es decir, la Asamblea Nacional. Este trabajo pretende examinar si la sentencia 001 de la Sala Electoral del Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela, del siete de diciembre de 2016 y sus subsecuentes resoluciones judiciales, configuran un caso del llamado ‘constitucionalismo abusivo’ que afecta el derecho fundamental a la tutela judicial y efectiva de las personas afectadas por el citado precedente constitucional. La relevancia de tal precedente es tal que se podría afirmar que en él se consuma la debacle institucional venezolana. Con todo, esa decisión judicial no cayó del cielo, sino que es el resultado final de un ejercicio abusivo de la función judicial que ha emprendido el Tribunal Supremo venezolano desde hace años, como se argumentará en el presente trabajo.
 
Publisher Universidad Politécnica Salesiana (Ecuador)
 
Date 2019-08-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/zip
text/html
application/pdf
 
Identifier https://universitas.ups.edu.ec/index.php/universitas/article/view/31.2019.05
10.17163/uni.n31.2019.05
 
Source Universitas; No 31: (September 2019-February 2020): Uncertain transitions: left-wing crisis, post-populism and neoliberal futures in Latin America; 97-115
Universitas; Núm. 31: (septiembre 2019-febrero 2020): Transiciones inciertas: crisis de las izquierdas, post-populismo y futuros neoliberales en América Latina; 97-115
1390-8634
1390-3837
10.17163/uni.n31
 
Language spa
eng
 
Relation https://universitas.ups.edu.ec/index.php/universitas/article/view/31.2019.05/3429
https://universitas.ups.edu.ec/index.php/universitas/article/view/31.2019.05/3444
https://universitas.ups.edu.ec/index.php/universitas/article/view/31.2019.05/3445
https://universitas.ups.edu.ec/index.php/universitas/article/view/31.2019.05/3492
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Universidad Politénica Salesiana
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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