KARAKTER MORFOLOGI DAN PERTUMBUHAN SUBSPECIES KAYU MERAH (Pterocarpus indicus Willd.) ASAL PULAU SERAM, MALUKU DAN PULAU FLORES, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR DI PERSEMAIAN

Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan

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Title KARAKTER MORFOLOGI DAN PERTUMBUHAN SUBSPECIES KAYU MERAH (Pterocarpus indicus Willd.) ASAL PULAU SERAM, MALUKU DAN PULAU FLORES, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR DI PERSEMAIAN
 
Creator Yuskianti, Vivi
Rochman, Arianda Poetri
Daryono, Budi
 
Subject Pterocarpus indicus; subspecies; origin; Pulau Seram (forma indicus);Pulau Flores (forma echinatus); conservation
 
Description Kayu merah (Pterocarpus indicus Willd), a high quality and multiple purpose tree, has been categorized as endangered species. Only a few know that kayu merah has two subspecies (forma) that are differentiated based on the surface structure of the central seed case. This study aims to know the differences on morphological and growth characters of two populations/subspecies kayu merah i.e. Pulau Seram, Mollucas (smooth pods, forma indicus) and Pulau Flores, East Nusa Tenggara (prickly pods, forma echinatus). The genetic relationship ofthese two populations/subspecies was analyzed using PBSTAT program, while their growth parameter analyzed using SAS program. The study found differences on morphological and growth characters of kayu merah from Pulau Seram and Pulau Flores. Kayu merah from Pulau Seram has many smooth spots and little grooves on the surface of its stem and has tapered leaf tip shape, while kayu merah from Pulau Flores has many grooves and little smooth spots, and has splitting leaf tip form. The two populations/subspecies were clearly clustered into their own group. Kayu merah from Pulau Seram has better growth than that of Pulau Flores. The result of this research has expected can support conservation and further utilization of the species in Indonesia by providing information on preliminary identification of the origin of kayu merah i.e. Pulau Seram and Pulau Flores as well as early indication of indicus and echinatus subspecies differences in the nursery.
 
Publisher Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)
 
Contributor
 
Date 2019-06-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/JPTH/article/view/4787
10.20886/jpth.2019.13.1.%p
 
Source Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan; Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
2527-8665
1693-7147
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/JPTH/article/view/4787/4740
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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