The Point Prevalence Survey Research of Antibacterial Drugs’ Prescription for Outpatient Treatment of Urinary System Infections


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Title The Point Prevalence Survey Research of Antibacterial Drugs’ Prescription for Outpatient Treatment of Urinary System Infections
Creator Muldaeva, Gulmira
Beisenayeva, Aizhan
Arystan, Leila
Baymanova, Aliya
Haydargaliyeva, Leila
Subject PPS-research
Antibiotic resistance
urinary tract infections
Description BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance of microorganisms is the subject of numerous discussions and initiatives, it has a well-defined tendency to increase which is largely related to a big number of errors when prescribing antibacterial drugs at the outpatient stage of treatment and disease prevention, as well as a lack of information and data on the quantity and quality of antimicrobial therapy. One of the elements aimed at reducing antibiotic resistance growth is audit and analysis of application practice.
AIM: To assess qualitative and quantitative characteristics for urinary tract infections treatment using antimicrobial drugs by general physicians at the outpatient level.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) analysis of antimicrobial drugs prescription was conducted by general physicians of No. 1, 4, 5 Hospitals of Karaganda city. There was carried out a daily prospectively data collecting on antibacterial drugs prescription by Doctor of Medical institutions, which was performed during patients’ visit. For each person who was prescribed the AD, there was filled a special questionnaire developed by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, including passport data, data on disease and prescription of antibacterial drugs. There were considered 200 cases of antibiotic prescription. The study included patients of both sexes, all age groups, who were prescribed the antibiotic therapy for the UTI treatment.
RESULTS: When selecting antimicrobial therapy, the Protocols for diagnosis and treatment indicate the need for a microbiological study to determine sensitivity to antibacterial drugs, that was not performed in 100% of cases, and initial treatment was empirically prescribed, namely, in 34% of cases there were used drugs from the cephalosporin group (Ceftriaxone), nitrofurans (Furazidin)-42%, fluoroquinolones (Levofloxacin)-24%. In treating acute cystitis, in most cases, alternative medications were prescribed, though according to current recommendations, first-line therapy includes fosfomycin trometamol, pivmecillins and nitrofurantoin macrocrystals, which according to the results of this study were not used at all.
CONCLUSION: In most cases (71%), alternative antibacterial drugs were prescribed for initial treatment of urinary tract infections. In majority cases, the dosage regimen of antibacterial drugs, dosage frequency, treatment course did not meet current recommendations.
Publisher Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia; ID Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Date 2019-08-11
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences; Vol 7 No 15 (2019): Aug 15 (OAMJMS); 2551-2555
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Gulmira Muldaeva, Aizhan Beisenayeva, Leila Arystan, Aliya Baymanova, Leila Haydargaliyeva (Author)

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