Inertial reproduction: is the two-child psychology the rule in Costa Rica?

Revista de Ciencias Económicas

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Title Inertial reproduction: is the two-child psychology the rule in Costa Rica?
Reproducción inercial: ¿es la psicología de dos descendientes la regla en Costa Rica?
Creator Blanco, Laura Cristina
Description This paper uses data from National Surveys on Sexual and Reproductive Health to test whether variables related to identity, sexuality and contraceptive knowledge are associated with the preference and demand for children in Costa Rica.  Both the preferred and actual number of children are estimated with a double hurdle model.  The findings indicate that preferences for children seem to be quite fixed around two children and are mainly associated with religious beliefs and the person’s gender, but they are not found to be associated with human capital.  In contrast, the probability of having a child and the number of children are related to investment in human capital and sex education.  Hence, human capital might be relevant in bringing a child into the world, but not in the initial preference.
Se utilizan las Encuestas Nacionales de Salud Sexual y Reproductiva para someter a prueba si existe una relación entre la identidad, la sexualidad y el conocimiento de anticonceptivos con las preferencias y la demanda reproductiva en Costa Rica.  Tanto el tamaño preferido de descendencia como el tamaño de descendencia efectivo se estima utilizando un modelo de truncamiento doble.  Los resultados muestran que las preferencias reproductivas son bastante estáticas alrededor de dos descendientes y se encuentran principalmente asociadas a creencias religiosas y el género de la persona, pero no con el capital humano.  En contraste, la probabilidad de tener una hija o un hijo y el tamaño de la descendencia se relacionan con la inversión en capital humano y la educación sexual.  Por tanto, el capital humano es relevante para la decisión de traer a una persona al mundo, pero no para la preferencia inicial.
Publisher Universidad de Costa Rica
Date 2019-06-24
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Revista de Ciencias Económicas; Vol 37 No 1 (2019): Revista de Ciencias Económicas: (January - June)
Revista de Ciencias Económicas; Vol. 37 Núm. 1 (2019): Revista de Ciencias Económicas: (enero - junio)
Language eng
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