COMBATING SECOND HAND SMOKING WITH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATING ‘SMOKE FREE ZONES’: SRI LANKA EXPERIENCES

LIFE: International Journal of Health and Life-Sciences

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Field Value
 
Title COMBATING SECOND HAND SMOKING WITH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATING ‘SMOKE FREE ZONES’: SRI LANKA EXPERIENCES
 
Creator Prakash, Thambiliya Godage Supun Lahiru
Kumara, Samarawikrama Gamachchige Prasanna
Niwarthana, Humpita Pathirannehelage Geethani
Abeynayake, Turlin
Abeykoon, Palitha
Pallewaththa, Prabhath Wijitha Kumara
 
Subject Drug Abuse
Narcotic
Third Hand Smoke
Tobacco Free City
Violence
 
Description Although the overall smoking prevalence has shown a downward trend, second hand smoke (SHS) exposure remains a significant problem in Sri Lanka. Various attempts have been made to establish ‘Smoke Free Zones’ (SFZs) for combating SHS with the help of Public Health Inspectors (PHIs) who are regarded as the main coordinators of combating SHS at the grass root level. This study explored the lessons learnt from establishing SFZs in Sri Lanka and both qualitative and qualitative approaches were employed. There were 53 SFZs from 20 Districts that were studied, and the study consisted with three components. Chi – square test was performed to study the relationships between variables and qualitative data was analyzed through the framework analyzing method. All studied SFZs focused on reducing the availability of tobacco products by mobilizing retailers parallel to creating awareness among the stakeholders. The mean time taken to reach the maximum success is 9 (±8) months and mean sustained period is 16 (±12) months. Forty nine factors for establishing SFZs were identified and six factors have had statistically significant relationship with sustainability. Furthermore, ten constructive groups and twelve destructive groups as well as fifteen reasons for deteriorating the successes were encountered. Ten steps process for establishing SFZs in Sri Lanka was also Introduced. The study recommends employing the introduced 10 steps process to establishing SFZs in Sri Lanka and develops the strengths and opportunities while minimizing the weaknesses and threats to create a supportive environment prior to establishing SFZs and pay continuous attention on the reasons for deteriorating success to improve the sustainability.Article DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20319/lijhls.2018.43.7285 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, PO Box 1866, Mountain View, CA 94042, USA.
 
Publisher GRDS Publishing
 
Date 2018-11-16
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/life/article/view/1651
 
Source LIFE: International Journal of Health and Life-Sciences; Vol 4 No 3 (2018): Regular Issue
2454-5872
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/life/article/view/1651/3403
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Thambiliya Godage Supun Lahiru Prakash, Samarawikrama Gamachchige Prasanna Kumara, Humpita Pathirannehelage Geethani Niwarthana, Turlin Abeynayake, Palitha Abeykoon, Prabhath Wijitha Kumara Pallewaththa
 

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