Reconstruction of Ukrainian conflict-crisis in English news stories: Verbalizing the communicative component

Literature and Culture of Polissya

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Title Reconstruction of Ukrainian conflict-crisis in English news stories: Verbalizing the communicative component
Відтворення українського конфлікту-кризи в англомовних новинах: вербалізація комунікативного складника
 
Creator Potapenko, S. I.
 
Description The paper reveals that the communicative component of evolving the conflict-crisis which combines the periods of confrontation of varying intensity is verbalized by the linguistic units evoking the relations of sensori-motor origin known in cognitive linguistics as image schemas, i. e. recurring, dynamic patterns of our perceptual interactions and motor programs that give coherence and structure to our experience. The relations underlying the representation of conflict-crisis communicative component include counterforce, blockage, contact, and enablement. The communicative counterforce is rendered by the verbs denoting accusation, blockage is evoked by negations expressed by the particle "not" and the notional words with negative prefixes to downplay blame or mishaps, eliminate the planned actions, or avert contact. The communicative contact is represented by the units denoting meetings and talks aimed at solving the conflict-crisis with the majority of headlines foregrounding the units referring to Western powers. The argumentative contact is renderedby the units designating the evidence concerning perception, visual control or prediction mainly characteristic of the Russian side. The role of the communicative contribution which is reflected by performative utterances equal to an action and by promises depends on the status of the side voicing it. The performative headlines render intentions, promises, confirmations, changes of the participants’ political or legal status. The communicative contribution has two variants: self-contributions and other-contribution. Promises are coded by the verbs pledge, vow, bid at the national, international and global levels. It is found that the biggest number of promises, though failed, is characteristic of the national level. The article reveals that the structure of news headlines is tantamount to that of utterances which results in distinguishing two types of their structure: canonical coinciding with the organization of the underlying image schemas with the source affecting the target and non-canonical with the foregrounded units denoting the counterforce target or the relations between the conflicting sides.
У статті доведено, що комунікативний складник розгортання конфлікту-кризи, яка поєднує різні за інтенсивністю етапи протистояння, вербалізується мовними засобами на позначення відношень сенсомоторного походження, представлених протидією, перешкодою, контактом і забезпеченням можливості, які є продовженням фізичного протистояння. Комунікативна протидія відтворена дієсловами англійської мови на позначення звинувачень, перешкода – заперечними засобами. Комунікативний контакт втілений одиницями на позначення зустрічей і переговорів, спрямованих на розв’язання кризи, а роль комунікативного сприяння, відображеного перформативами, які вказують на виконання дії, та промісивами, що стосуються обіцянок, залежить від того, яка сторона протистояння їх висловлює.
 
Publisher Nizhyn Mykola Gogol State University
 
Date 2019-07-26
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
reviewed Article
reviewed Article
reviewed Article
reviewed Article
рецензована стаття
 
Identifier http://lkp.ndu.edu.ua/index.php/polissia/article/view/400
10.31654/2520-6966-2019-12f-95-157-168
 
Source Literature and Culture of Polissya; Bd. 95 Nr. 12f (2019): Series "Philology Research". № 12; 157-168
Literature and Culture of Polissya; Vol 95 No 12f (2019): Series "Philology Research". № 12; 157-168
Literature and Culture of Polissya; Tom 95 Nr 12f (2019): Series "Philology Research". № 12; 157-168
Literature and Culture of Polissya; Том 95 № 12f (2019): Series "Philology Research". № 12; 157-168
Література та культура Полісся; Том 95 № 12f (2019): Серія "Філологічні науки". № 12; 157-168
2618-0022
2520-6966
10.31654/2520-6966-2019-12f-95
 
Language ukr
 
Relation http://lkp.ndu.edu.ua/index.php/polissia/article/view/400/401
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Literature and Culture of Polissya
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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