Beliefs and practices of generic care in Colombian Wayúu pregnant women

Revista Ciencia y Cuidado

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Field Value
 
Title Beliefs and practices of generic care in Colombian Wayúu pregnant women
Beliefs and practices of culture care in colombian Wayúu pregnant women
 
Creator Angarita Navarro, Ariadna María
Bejarano Beltrán, Martha Patricia
 
Description Beliefs and practices of culture care in colombian Wayúu pregnant women
Abstract
Objective: Understand the beliefs and care practices of the expectant mothers of the Wayuu indigenous community in the rancherias Sapalou and Sutalu, La Guajira. Methodology: Qualitative study with an ethnographic focus, which was performed on eleven expectant mothers of the mentioned indigenous community. The information was obtained through participative observation and a semi-structured interview. For the analysis of the data, the analysis guide of four tenets by Leininger was used.   Results: The Wayuu expectant mothers described the practices of prenatal care inherited from their culture. During pregnancy, Wayuu mothers are not allowed to eat some foods such as shrimp, crab, rabbit or turtle, to prevent complications at birth and in the child to be born. They do not have contact with people that have committed murder, manipulated corpses or have assisted to funerals, since according to their beliefs this can cause bleeding at birth. The midwife becomes a significant member of the community during the pregnancy and labor process. Conclusions: It is imperative that nursing understands the cultural traits of the indigenous communities to bring holistic and quality nursing. Also, it is indispensable to continue with studies that explore the beliefs and practices of care during labor and postpartum of this populations.
 Keywords: nursing care, pregnancy, cultural characteristics, transcultural nursing.
TITULOS

ESPAÑOL: Creencias y prácticas de cuidado genérico en gestantes Wayúu colombianas
INGLÉS: Beliefs and practices of culture care in colombian Wayúu pregnant women
PORTUGUÉS: Crenças e práticas de cuidado genérico em mulheres grávidas colombianas do povo Wayuu

 
RESUMENES

ESPAÑOL: Objetivo: Conocer las creencias y prácticas de cuidado de las gestantes de la comunidad indígena wayuu en las rancherías de Sapalou y Sutalu, La Guajira.  Metodología: Estudio cualitativo con enfoque etnográfico, el cual se llevó a cabo con once gestantes de dicha comunidad indígena. La información se obtuvo mediante la observación participativa y una entrevista semiestructurada. Para el análisis de los datos, se utilizó la guía de análisis de cuatro fases propuesta por Leininger. Resultados: Las gestantes wayuu describieron las prácticas de cuidado prenatal heredadas por su cultura. Durante la gestación, las wayuu se cohíben de comer algunos alimentos, como camarón, cangrejo, conejo o tortuga, para evitar complicaciones en el parto y en el hijo por nacer. No tienen contacto con personas que hayan cometido homicidio, manipulado cadáveres o asistido a funerales, pues según sus creencias esto puede generar sangrados durante el parto. La partera se convierte en un miembro significativo en la comunidad durante el proceso de gestación, trabajo de parto y parto de las gestantes.  Conclusiones: Es imperativo que la enfermería conozca los rasgos culturales de las comunidades indígenas para brindar cuidados holísticos y de calidad. Así mismo, es indispensable continuar con estudios que indaguen las creencias y prácticas de cuidado durante el parto y el puerperio de este tipo de población.
INGLÉS: Objective: Understand the beliefs and care practices of the expectant mothers of the Wayuu indigenous community in the rancherias Sapalou and Sutalu, La Guajira. Methodology: Qualitative study with an ethnographic focus, which was performed on eleven expectant mothers of the mentioned indigenous community. The information was obtained through participative observation and a semi-structured interview. For the analysis of the data, the analysis guide of four tenets by Leininger was used.   Results: The Wayuu expectant mothers described the practices of prenatal care inherited from their culture. During pregnancy, Wayuu mothers are not allowed to eat some foods such as shrimp, crab, rabbit or turtle, to prevent complications at birth and in the child to be born. They do not have contact with people that have committed murder, manipulated corpses or have assisted to funerals, since according to their beliefs this can cause bleeding at birth. The midwife becomes a significant member of the community during the pregnancy and labor process. Conclusions: It is imperative that nursing understands the cultural traits of the indigenous communities to bring holistic and quality nursing. Also, it is indispensable to continue with studies that explore the beliefs and practices of care during labor and postpartum of this populations.
PORTUGUÉS: Objetivo: Conhecer as crenças e práticas de cuidado das mulheres grávidas da comunidade indígena Wayuu ou uaiús em ranchos de Sapalou e Sutalu, Estado de “La Guajira”, na Colômbia.  Metodologia: Estudo qualitativo com uma abordagem etnográfica, o qual foi realizado com onze mulheres grávidas da referida comunidade indígena. A informação se obteve através da observação participativa e uma entrevista semiestruturada. Para a análise dos dados, utilizou-se a guia da análise de quatro fases proposta por Leininger. Resultados: As mulheres grávidas Wayuu descreveram as práticas de cuidado pré-natal herdadas por sua cultura. Durante a gestação, as wayuu são inibidas de comer alguns alimentos como: camarão, caranguejo, coelho ou tartaruga, para evitar complicações no parto e no filho que está por nascer. Não têm contato com pessoas que tenham cometido homicídio, manipulado cadáveres ou ter participado de funerais, pois segundo suas crenças isto pode gerar sangramentos durante o parto. A parteira se converte num membro significativo na comunidade durante o processo de gestação, trabalho de parto e parto das grávidas.  Conclusões: é imperativo que a enfermagem conheça as características culturais das comunidades indígenas para fornecer cuidados holísticos e de qualidade. Assim mesmo, é indispensável continuar com estudos que indaguem as crenças e práticas de cuidado durante o parto e o puerpério deste tipo de população.

 
PALABRAS CLAVE

ESPAÑOL: Atención de enfermería, gestación, características culturales, enfermería transcultural.
INGLÉS: nursing care, pregnancy, cultural characteristics, transcultural nursing.
PORTUGÉS: Atendimento de enfermagem, características culturais, enfermagem transcultural, gestação.

 
 
 
Publisher Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander
 
Date 2019-01-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1541
10.22463/17949831.1541
 
Source Revista Ciencia y Cuidado; Vol. 16 Núm. 1: Enero - Abril 2019; 8-18
2322-7028
1794-9831
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.ufps.edu.co/index.php/cienciaycuidado/article/view/1541/1433
 

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