Trigona sp. Propolis Ethanolic Extract Decreased Chloramphenicol-induced Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase and Alkaline Phosphatase Levels of Rats (Rattus novergicus)

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention

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Title Trigona sp. Propolis Ethanolic Extract Decreased Chloramphenicol-induced Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase and Alkaline Phosphatase Levels of Rats (Rattus novergicus)
 
Creator Mahdi, Chanif
Zukiaturrahmah, Anna
Pratama, Dyah Ayu Oktavianie Ardhiana
Nugraheni, Putranty Widha
 
Description Liver has an important role in detoxification of toxins such as xenobiotic which could interfere the function of liver. Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic widely used,despite of its toxicity potentials. The enhancement of free radicals in the body could suppress antioxidant activity. Propolis of Trigona sp. has been known to contain very high amount of antioxidants. The enhanced serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels in serum is used as marker of liver damage due to the increase of free radicals. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of Trigona sp. propolis ethanolic extract on SGOT and ALP levels in rats (Rattus novergicus) pretreated by chloramphenicol to induce liver damage. Test animals used for this research were male rats aged 8-12 weeks divided into five treatment groups: negative controlgroup (normal), positive control group (induced by 400 mg/kgBW chloramphenicol), first therapy group, second therapy group, third therapy group induced by chloramphenicol with and propolis extract with the dose of 8 mg, 16 mg, and 24 mg, respectively. Chloramphenicol was injected subcutaneously for 14 days, whereas propolis extract were administered orally for 21 days. The level of SGOT and ALP was determined using spectophotometry. The results showed that propolis extract could reduce levels of SGOT and ALP. Dose of 24 mg/kg was the effective dose to decrease levels of SGOT and ALP significantly (p<0.01). Hence, it may be concluded that the ethanol extract of propolis could be used as herbal therapy in rats model of liver damage.Keywords : ALP, liver, chloramphenicol, propolis, SGOT
 
Publisher Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention
 
Contributor
 
Date 2018-10-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ijcc.chemoprev.org/index.php/ijcc/article/view/216
10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev9iss3pp110-117
 
Source Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention; Vol 9, No 3 (2018); 110-117
2355-8989
2088-0197
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ijcc.chemoprev.org/index.php/ijcc/article/view/216/167
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Chanif Mahdi, Anna Zukiaturrahmah, Dyah Ayu Oktavianie A. Pratama
 

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