Characteristics of long-term home oxygen therapy users in the municipality of Curitiba, Brazil

Fisioterapia em Movimento

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Title Characteristics of long-term home oxygen therapy users in the municipality of Curitiba, Brazil
Creator Kovelis, Demetria
Luma Cruz, Paôla
Silva, Lígia Inez
Sierra, Juan Ricardo
de Miranda Sandoval, Paulo Roberto
Valderramas, Silvia
Description Introduction: Long-term home oxygen therapy (LTOT) can be used successfully in the treatment and prevention of chronic lung diseases as it improves quality of life, increases survival and reduces the duration of hospital stays. However, to the authors’ knowledge there are no descriptive studies with details of the clinical and social profile of patients using LTOT in the state of Paraná. Objective: To analyze the profile of users of the LTOT in the state of Paraná. Methods: All registered users of the Curitiba Municipal Department of Health LTOT program were recruited to the study. Participants answered a questionnaire with questions about their level of education, family income, main diagnosis, comorbidities, hours/daily of O2 and hospitalizations in the previous year. Results: 386 patients (67±20.4 years; 66% females) were interviewed. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was the most common disease (58.5%); 60.6% were former smokers and 84.5% did not do any type of physical activity; dyspnea was the most common symptom (81.3%) and immobility was the most commonly reported inconvenience (33%); 55.7% used O2 24 hours a day; 53.6% had been hospitalized in the previous year; 33.9% had not completed primary school; 31.4% had an income of one minimum monthly wage or less. Conclusion: LTOT users in Curitiba are primarily elderly women with COPD, a low family income and limited schooling. It is extremely important that health professionals provide educational and preventive measures for this population to minimize the impact of COPD in the community.
Publisher Editora PUCPRESS
Date 2019-03-07
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Source Fisioterapia em Movimento (Physical Therapy in Movement); v. 32 (2019): n. cont.; 1 - 9
Fisioterapia em Movimento; v. 32 (2019): n. cont.; 1 - 9
Language eng
Rights Direitos autorais 2019 Fisioterapia em Movimento

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