MODELLING THE MORBIDITY PATTERN OF TUBERCULOSIS AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

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Title MODELLING THE MORBIDITY PATTERN OF TUBERCULOSIS AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA
 
Creator Bidemi, Yusuf Oyindamola
Ayobami, Adepoju-Olajuwon Fatimah
Olamiposi, Owoeye Deborah
Abbas, Gbolahan
 
Description Background: With the advent of HIV, the risk of Tuberculosis (TB) has increased. The trend in the number of cases of TB
in Oyo state over the past five years has not been documented. Hence, this study reviewed the number of cases of TB and
determined some of its associated factors.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on TB surveillance data reported between January 1st
2011 and December 31st 2014. Data were obtained from the integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) of Oyo
state ministry of health, Nigeria. Number of TB cases, age, local government areas (LGA), month and year of reporting
was extracted. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, negative binomial and the Poisson regression models. Model
fit was assessed using the AIC and the -2LogL.
Results: The incidence of TB was highest in 2013 (23 per 10000 population) in Ibarapa East LGA. The risk of
Tuberculosis was 62.8% higher in 2014 (IRR=1.628; 95%CI=1.281, 2.068) and also 17% higher in 2012 (IRR=1.170;
95%CI=1.010, 1.356). Also, the risk of TB was highest in Ibarapa East LGA (IRR=2.576; 95%CI=1.945, 3.412) and lowest
in Ogbomoso South LGA (IRR=0.229; 95%CI=0.069, 0.764). Adolescents and adults also had higher risk of TB compared
to children.
Conclusion: The frequency of Tuberculosis declined overtime and older adults had a higher risk. The low frequency of TB
in the state may be an indication and good evidence of concerted control measures. Efforts should be put in place to further
bring down the number of cases especially in the identified hotspots.
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Date 2018-12-12
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.athmsi.org/index.php/AJID/article/view/5221
10.21010/ajid.v13i1.2
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 13 No 1 (2019); 11-23
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.athmsi.org/index.php/AJID/article/view/5221/3164
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Yusuf Oyindamola Bidemi, Adepoju-Olajuwon Fatimah Ayobami, Owoeye Deborah Olamiposi, Gbolahan Abbas
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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